DOT Drug Testing.
Below is a brief summary of what DOT drug testing is and what to expect if you work in a DOT industry.
DOT drug tests are drug tests regulated by the United States Department of Transportation (DOT). DOT agencies are required to implement drug testing policies for “safety-sensitive” employees because of the 1991 Omnibus Transportation Employee Testing Act. This act recognized the need for a transportation industry that is drug and alcohol free since operating vehicles under the influence can be very dangerous and harmful. “Safety-sensitive” employees are employees that perform tasks that can impact the safety of themselves as well as the general public. The Office of Drug and Alcohol Policy and Compliance (ODAPC) sets the requirements and procedures for DOT drug tests. DOT agencies that subject “safety-sensitive” employees to DOT drug testing include the Federal Aviation Administration (aviation), the Federal Transit Administration (mass transit), the Federal Railroad Administration (rail), the Pipeline and Hazardous Material Safety Administration (pipeline), the United States Coast Guard (maritime), and the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (trucking). Adding up the number of “safety-sensitive” employees in each transportation industry, it is found that approximately 12.1 million people require DOT testing in order to perform their job.
Compounds Tested For
All DOT drug tests are standardized. They are all 5-panel and look for the same drugs: marijuana, cocaine, amphetamines, phencyclidine (PCP), and opioids. It is important to note that no exceptions are made for individuals who have been prescribed medical marijuana. Urinalysis is used exclusively for DOT drug testing. If the tests detect any of the drugs mentioned before, an individual will be immediately removed from their “safety-sensitive” post. Depending on the situation as well as the company, one may even lose their respective certification or license.
DOT agencies require companies to DOT drug test “safety-sensitive” employees if any of the following scenarios occur.